Check out my Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary book summary and review  that I created to help you understand the basics of this great book.An American Dictionary of the English Language is a dictionary of the English language, the work of the American lexicographer Noah Webster, first published in two volumes in 1828.

 

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary book

 

 Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary book summary

 Noah Webster, former author of school spelling texts for elementary schools in the United States, published in 1806 a first dictionary of the English language, A Compnious Dictionary of the English Language, in which the characteristics of future works: the orthographic simplification, according to L American use and introduction of specific terms used in the arts and natural sciences, rather than limited to vocabulary only in the literary language.

An American dictionary of the English language of 1828 was the fruit of over twenty years of work. As in the previous work, the novelties were both in the lexicon (neologisms and new definitions) and in the spelling:

    Compared to the vocabulary of 1806, the dictionary of 1828 contained, in addition to the basic lexicon of the English language, a much greater number of words (about 12,000 new words and 30 to 40,000 new words, for a total of 70,000, originating mainly from United and not registered until then by any other vocabulary of the English language)


    new definitions of already existing words recorded, clearly and concisely, mainly based on their use in the United States
    Webster's principles for simplifying spelling include:
        the reduction of the diphthong "ou" to "o" in the endings in "our" (for example, "color" instead of "color", "honor" instead of "honor", etc.)
        the passage from "re" to "er" in the termination of words, mostly of Latin origin, which had kept the French spelling in English (for example "meter" instead of "meter", "center" instead of "center", etc.); this innovation has adapted the spelling to the current Anglo-Saxon pronunciation, not only American therefore
        the abolition of the doubling of the final consonant in polysyllable compounds ending with a consonant preceded by an unstressed vowel (for example "traveler" instead of "traveler", "traveler" instead of "traveler", etc.)
        syllable division according to pronunciation ("hab-it" instead of "ha-bit", "tal-ent" instead of "ta-lent", "mo-tion" instead of "mo-ti-on", etc. .)

Noah Webster

In 1840 a second edition was published, revised, corrected and expanded by the author with the help of his son, William G. Webster; the main change was the addition of about a thousand new words.

After Noah Webster's death in 1843, unsold books, the "Webster" brand and copyright were acquired by brothers George and Charles Merriam, who later hired Webster's son-in-law, Chauncey A. Goodrich, a professor at Yale University.

 , with the task of supervising revisions. Goodrich's new revised edition appeared on September 24, 1847 , while a new revised and expanded edition, to which indexed illustrations had been added, was published in 1859 .

 Since then, Merriam-Webster has periodically published numerous adaptations, abstracts, and additions to the original work. In general, the latest editions, sometimes in several volumes, have been entirely redone and enlarged and published under the title of Webster's International Dictionary .

After the acquisition of Merriam-Webster by the Encyclopædia Britannica in 1964, a three-volume edition was published for many years as a supplement to the encyclopedia. As an appendix to the third volume, this edition of Britannica included a Britannica World Language Dictionary, 474 pages of translations from English to French, German, Italian, Spanish,

Swedish and Yiddish. A section of the Merriam-Webster staff has been working on the fourth edition of the integral since 2008, but the publication date has not yet been set.

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